This is the breakdown of cartilage in the joints. This is followed by chronic inflammation of the joint lining. Healthy cartilage is a cushion between the bones in a joint. This condition usually affects the hands, feet, spine, hips, and knees. People with this condition usually have joint pain and limited movement of the affected joint.
The exact cause is unclear.
Factors that may increase your chance of developing include:
Excess body weight
Certain endocrine, metabolic, or neuropathic disorders, avascular necrosis
Having an injury or surgery to the joint surface, especially the cartilage
Having an occupation or doing physical activities that put stress on joints
Mild-to-severe pain in a joint, especially after overuse or long periods of inactivity, such as sitting for a long time
Creaking or grating sound in the joint
Swelling, stiffness, limited movement of the joint, especially in the morning
Deformity of the joint
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Tests may include:
X-ray to see internal bony structures
CT scan to look at the extent of the arthritis
Arthrocentesis to rule out other causes of arthritis
Blood tests to rule out other causes of arthritis
The physical therapist’s role is to help decrease your pain and swelling, increase your strength and range of motion, and develop a suitable
and effective home exercise program that will reduce the overall symptoms. The treatment plan in physical therapy might
Strengthening, endurance, and flexibility exercises
Electrical stimulation (ESTIM)
Heat or cold packs
To help reduce your chance of developing, take these steps:
Maintain a healthy weight.
Do regular, gentle exercise, such as walking, stretching, swimming, or yoga.
Avoid repetitive motions and risky activities that may contribute to joint injury, especially after age 40.
With advancing age, certain activities may have to be stopped or modified. It is important to continue to be active, so find an
activity that suits you.
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